Fungal infection

15 Jun, 2021 | admin | No Comments

Fungal infection

Some of the fungi are our constant companions, dwelling on mucous membranes, skin and hair. Under conditions of incomplete immune defense, they are capable of causing infection. Sometimes it helps with these infections:

A child’s body is especially sensitive to such pathogenesis.

This development is preceded by various circumstances.

Immunodeficiency conditions, which lead not only to such serious diseases like AIDS, but also uncontrolled use of antibiotics, treatment with corticosteroids, cytostatics.

Local application of broad-spectrum antiseptics (sprays, lozenges, ointments) can also provoke mycosis. Especially if this is done without a doctor’s prescription, on the principle of “one neighbor said”. As a result the normal mucosal microflora, maintaining the balance necessary for a peaceful coexistence with fungi, suffers.

2. Elevated glucose levels, which occurs in endocrine disorders. Primarily in diabetes mellitus. It is no secret that the “sweet”, glucose-rich blood is good “bait” for pathogenic microorganisms. This includes fungi.

3. Hormonal restructuring, which is most noticeable in older women who have gone through or are going through the menopause. On this background, the majority of ladies have dry mucous membranes, which is a predisposing factor for the accession of a fungal infection.

4. Micro traumas of the mucous membranes. Otomycosis most often develops exactly according to this scenario. After all, any wound is a gateway for infection, including fungal infection. In addition, traumatized skin secretes intercellular fluid, a good breeding ground for fungi.

Causes of skin lesions with fungi, especially in children
1. The predominance of dermatomycosis among all fungal diseases is due to the constant close contact of the skin with the environment. The causative agents of fungal skin diseases in children are widespread in nature, have great diversity and high resistance to external factors.

Sources of infection:

Anthropophilic dermatomycoses (trichophytosis) – is a sick person,
Zoophilic (microsporia) – a sick animal (stray cats and dogs, cows, horses),
Rarely occurring geophilic – soil.
Infection occurs through direct contact of the child with the skin and hair of the patient or through household items contaminated with fungi and their spores (towels, washcloths, combs, toys, hats, shoes).

Most often, children contract fungal skin diseases in swimming pools, showers and baths, beaches, hairdressers, organized children’s groups.

The peculiarities of children’s skin (hydrophilicity, increased vascularization, lower bactericidal capacity of sweat and sebaceous glands, slight vulnerability), the immaturity of the immune system facilitate penetration of the pathogen into the epidermis, contributing to the rapid development of fungal diseases in children.

Reduced defenses of the child may be provoked by bad ecology, stress, avitaminosis, prolonged use of antibiotics, dysbacteriosis, endocrinopathies and chronic infections.

With immunodeficiency conditionally pathogenic fungi that normally inhabit the child’s skin can transform into a pathogenic form and cause fungal disease (e.g., Malassezia furfur – the causative agent of variegated herpes).